Pues por Barna, FSO Polónez, Zhigulís, samaras y nivas sí... Alekos destos, no los recuerdo. Ya se sabe, estos vehículos económicos importados los veías según las características de tu mercado local, y la presencia ó no de importador
The Moskvitch Aleko ( Moskvitch 2141) , a car model from the AZLK factory in Moscow, Russia, was first presented to the public in 1986 and manufactured between 1988 and 1998. It had front wheel drive, while all previous Moskvitch models had rear wheel drive, and many of the design features were borrowed from the French Simca/Chrysler 1307/1308. On some export markets, like Germany, the cars were marketed as the Lada Aleko, and diesel engines from Ford and Indenor could be delivered in addition to the standard petrol engines. Some of the last Moskvitch models to be built, like the Svjatogor and the Dolgorukij, (1997-2002), were based on the Aleko.
Buceando por el Google, me he encontrado con que este coche montó el motor en disposición longitudinal, dado que los motores rusos no cabían en posición transversal. Por eso se inspiraron en los Audi para la arquitectura mecánica, incluso el puente trasero era de diseño Audi.
For Moskvitch, Aleko was innovative, having front-wheel drive, a hatchback body style, McPherson strut front suspension and torsion-crank rear suspension. The wheelbase went up almost 20 centimeters, the body got 14 centimeters wider, the wheel size went up one inch. The car became more spacious, comfortable and safe. For the first time in the history of Russian car making, the car's profile was optimized for aerodynamics, with the help of Russian and French aircraft and space engineers.
The car originated as a front-wheel drive "proof of concept", based on foreign models. In the late 1970s Moskvitch bought about two dozen compact cars built by different manufacturers, and thoroughly tested them. French and Swedish cars were favored for their utility and reliability. The final decision was made by the Minister of Automobile Industry, who chose the French Simca 1307 as the best candidate for the Russian market.
Engineers modified an existing Moskvitch engine for front-wheel drive layout and fitted the drivetrain into the Simca. After the tests were successfully completed, it was decided by the rights to copy the Simca 1307 bodyshell almost entirely, starting from the A-pillar. While this decision helped to cut the development costs, it came as an insult to engineers and designers, who had their own mock-ups of future car ready. The morale of the staff had been damaged, and Aleko never became a beloved project among Moskvitch engineers.
The existing engine was too long for transverse placement, so it was placed longitudinally, like on the Audi 80/100 series. Many ideas and design decisions were borrowed from Audi cars, including torsion-crank rear suspension, McPherson strut front suspension, rack-and-pinion steering and a collapsable steering column. The spare tyre was located underneath the boot and was accessible from outside, in the tradition of French cars.
Despite "second-hand" styling and design, the Aleko turned out to be quite a breakthrough for the Russian automotive industry. It almost became the first production front-wheel drive car of Russia, but after development it took a further two years for Moskvitch to setup the manufacturing, and the Lada Samara arrived first.
Aleko was sold mostly on the domestic market, but in the late 1980s it was exported too. In some export markets, including Germany, the cars were advertised as the Lada Aleko, and diesel engines from Ford and Indenor could be delivered in addition to the standard petrol engines. Some of the last Moskvitch models to be built, such as the Svjatogor and the Dolgorukij, (1997-2002), were based on the Aleko.
Aquí se vieron muchos más FSO Polonez que Aleko´s (y eso que el Aleko es mucho más bonito que el Polonez, no muy agraciado la verdad; el Aleko muestra una estética bastante más moderna), pero algunos sí se vieron, aunque bastante pocos. FSO Polonez sí hubo un tiempo en que había unos cuantos por la calle. Ahora alguno queda por ahí, pero es muy difícil de ver. En un desguace de aquí, hasta no hace mucho, tenían 3 juntitos, en los dos únicos colores en que he visto ese coche por aquí, rojo y blanco. Los tres sin faltarles ni una pieza y en buen estado. Y así los prensaron. Aleko, exceptuando uno que vi el año pasado no recuerdo dónde en un viaje, hace años que no veo uno por la calle.
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